Transurethral Resection Of The Prostate (TURP)
The prostate is a chestnut shaped gland that sits below the bladder. It surrounds the beginning of the urethra (the tube that empties the bladder) at the bottom of the bladder (bladder neck).
The size of the prostate can vary depending on age, although on average it is around 15cc and 3cm in diameter up until 40-50 years when it can enlarge.
The prostate is a part of the male reproductive system. It releases a milky fluid ejaculate that supports sperm.
Benign prostatic enlargement
This is a non-malignant enlargement of the prostate which is associated with age. It is usually not cancer and occurs commonly in men over 40-50 years of age. The exact cause is unknown but thought to due to the length of time the prostate is exposed to testosterone as a man ages.
It can cause bladder outflow obstruction producing lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) such as a poor flow, terminal dribbling and difficulty emptying the bladder. Usually men seek help because of the bothersome urinary symptoms and lack of quality of life rather than the size of the prostate itself.