Blood in urine (Haematuria)
Haematuria literally means blood in the urine. It is usually divided into microscopic bleeding that is detected on a urine test or macroscopic bleeding that is visible.
Macroscopic haematuria almost always mandates a cystoscopy. Bladder cancer is especially prevalent in the Newcastle region, particularly as the area still involves a lot of industry. Other common causes of visible haematuria include severe infections, an enlarged prostate, bladder stones and previous radiation changes to the lower urinary tract.
Microscopic haematuria is a very common problem and does not necessarily denote disease. Your local doctor will usually check to ensure there is not associated protein or deformed red blood cells (dysmorphic) suggestive of a glomerular cause of haematuria which is usually managed by a renal physician. If you are older or have risk factors for a sinister source of the bleeding such as smoking, a cystoscopy will usually be offered as well.
Generally, you local doctor or urologist will organise some form of imaging of your kidneys prior to the cystoscopy such as an ultrasound or CT.